Tankpedia

Tankpedia is a website about Armoured Fighting Vehicles especially tanks.

The German Flak Panzer IV Wirbelwind

The Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun

The Wirbelwind (Whirlwind in English) was one of several mobile anti-aircraft platforms built on the Panzer IV chassis; including the Möbelwagen and the Ostwind. The Wirbelwind was developed from a design concept created during the summer of 1944 by SS-Hauptsturmführer Karl Wilhelm Krause. The vehicle featured a turret with a 2 cm Flakvierling 38 (which has four barrels); the turret could traverse as expected and was enclosed on the sides but not the top. The vehicle ended up with the nickname Keksdose (Biscuit Tin in English). In combat the 2 cm gun was deemed ineffective against aircraft.

Anti-Aircraft Gun, Self-Propelled: Flakpanzer IV “Wirbelwind”
Main Armament: 1 x 2 cm Flakvierling 38
Secondary Armament: 1 × 7.92 mm MG 34
Weight: 22 tonnes
Speed: 40 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 5

Works Cited

  1. “Panzer IV.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 July 2016. Web. 29 July 2016.<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_IV
  2. “Wirbelwind.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 July 2016. Web. 29 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wirbelwind>
  3. “Möbelwagen.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 July 2016. Web. 01 Aug. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Möbelwagen>
  4. “Ostwind.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 July 2016. Web. 01 Aug. 2016.<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostwind>
Arado 80, serial D - ILOH

The Arado Ar 80, a German Fighter Plane

The Arado Ar 80 was a proposal for a fighter plane developed by Arado Flugzeugwerke; the Ar 80 project reached the prototype stage with 3 planes being built. The Ar 80 project was the result of Arado’s attempt at competing for a fighter plane contract that would ultimately be won by the Messerschmitt Bf 109.

Fighter plane: Ar 80 (Prototype)
Main Armament: 2x 7.92 mm MG 17 (proposed)
Weight: 1,642 kg (empty)
Speed: 415 km/h; 224 kn (258 mph) at 2,700 m (8,850 ft)
Crew: 1
First Flight: 1935

Works Cited

  1.  “Arado Ar 80.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 12 July 2016. Web. 29 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arado_Ar_80>
A Tiger I heavy tank in Paderborn Germany in 1945, Panzertruppenschule SS Brigade Westfalen

The German Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I Heavy Tank in Pictures, Gallery 2

Continuing with the Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I heavy tank is another set of pictures of Germany’s famous heavy tank.

Works Cited

  1.  “Tiger Vol3.” world war photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016.<http://www.worldwarphotos.info/gallery/germany/tanks-2-3/tiger-tank/>
A Panzer I Ausf. A on display at the Deutsches Panzermuseum in Munster, Germany

The German Panzerkampfwagen I Light Tank Sd.Kfz. 101

The Panzer I was a German light tank used prior to the Second World War, and in the initial campaigns of the latter. Design work begain for what would become the Panzer I in 1932 with production begining in 1934 and running through 1937. Germany used Panzer I’s during the Spanish Civil War in support of General Francisco Franco’s Nationalists; further, Germany would provide a number of Panzer I tanks to the Nationalists. Germany supplied a number of Panzer I tanks to the Chinese Nationalists; which were used during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Germany additionally supplied a selection Panzer I and Panzer I based command tanks to Hungary during the Second World War. The Panzer I was used by Germany during the Second World War during the campaigns in Poland, France, the Soviet Union and in North Africa.

The Panzer I had a number of deficiencies compared to comparable vehicles of it’s day; and was found to be lacking even during the Spanish Civil War. Throughout it’s life attempts were made to up-gun the vehicle; and further, a selection of variants were made using the Panzer I chasis.

Panzer I versions:

  • Panzer I Ausf. A
  • Panzer I Ausf. B

Panzer I variants included:

  • The Panzerbefehlswagen (Befehlswagen I), Sd.Kfz 265 – a command vehicle based on the Panzer I chassis.
  • Panzer I Ausf. C, VK601 – boasting superior armour  and a more powerful engine.
  • Panzer I Ausf. F, VK1801- boasting superior armour, improved further over the Ausf. C variant and the same more powerful engine as the latter.
  • Flakpanzer I – an anti-aircraft variant based on the Panzer I chassis.
  • Panzerjäger I – a tank destroyer (Jagdpanzer) based on the Panzer I chassis.
  • Ladungsleger I  – an explosive laying vehicle based on the Panzer I chassis.
  • 15 cm sIG 33 (Sf) auf Panzerkampfwagen I Ausf B – a self-propelled artillery piece based on the Panzer I chassis.
Tank: Panzerkampfwagen I
Main Armament: 2× 7.92 mm MG13 machine guns
Secondary Armament: N/A
Weight: 5.4 tonnes
Speed: 50 km/h on-road, 37 km/h off-road
Crew: 2

The Panzer I Ausf. A & B:

 

PzKpfw I Ausf. F on display at the Belgrade Military Museum

PzKpfw I Ausf. F on display at the Belgrade Military Museum

 

Two Flakpanzer Is in Russia during the winter

Two Flakpanzer Is in Russia during the winter

 

A Panzerjäger I in North Africa

A Panzerjäger I in North Africa

 

A sIG 33 (Sf) on a Pz.Kpfw. I chassis in Russia, 1942

A sIG 33 (Sf) on a Pz.Kpfw. I chassis in Russia, 1942

The Panzerbefehlswagen:

The Ladungsleger I:

Works Cited:

  1. Panzer I. (2016, August 11). Retrieved August 16, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_I <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_I>
  2. “Panzer I.” World War Photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Aug. 2016. <http://www.worldwarphotos.info/gallery/germany/tanks-2-3/panzer-i/>
  3. “SdKfz 265 Panzerbefehlswagen.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 3 Aug. 2016. Web. 19 Aug. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SdKfz_265_Panzerbefehlswagen>
  4. “Flakpanzer I.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 July 2016. Web. 24 Aug. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flakpanzer_I>
  5. “Ladungsleger I.” Wikipedia: De Vrije Encyclopedie. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 Sept. 2014. Web. 24 Aug. 2016. <https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladungsleger_I>
  6. “Panzer I Variants.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2 July 2016. Web. 24 Aug. 2016.<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_I_variants>
  7. “15 Cm SIG 33 (Sf) Auf Panzerkampfwagen I Ausf B.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 Apr. 2016. Web. 24 Aug. 2016.<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/15_cm_sIG_33_(Sf)_auf_Panzerkampfwagen_I_Ausf_B>
The NMUSAFs preserved C.200 in the markings of 372 Sq., Regia Aeronautica

Italy’s Macchi C.200 Saetta Fighter Plane

The Macchi C.200 (MC.200) “Saetta” (Arrow in English), was an Italian fighter plane used during the Second World War. Developed and produced by Aeronautica Macchi, the plane first flew on December 24 of 1937. This plane would see action over Greece, North Africa, Yugoslavia, France, and the Soviet Union; the MC.200 flew more sorties than any other Italian aircraft.

Fighter plane: Macchi C.200 (MC.200) “Saetta”
Main Armament: 2× 12.7 mm (.5 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns,
some planes modified for
8× 15 kg (33 lb) or 2× 50, 100, or 150 kg bombs under the wings
Weight: 1,964 kg
Speed:  504 km/h (313 mph) at 4,500 m (14,765 ft)
Crew:  1
First Flight: 1937

Works Cited

  1. “Macchi C.200.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 21 July 2016. Web. 05 Aug. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macchi_C.200>
  2. “Macchi C.200 Saetta – Arrow.” Asisbiz. N.p., 29 Sept. 2012. Web. 05 Aug. 2016. <http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/MC-200/Macchi-MC200-Saetta.html>
T 14 Tank, Object 148

The Russian T-14 Armata Main Battle Tank (Object 148)

The T-14 is a Russian 5th generation main battle tank (MBT), first seen in 2015 during rehearsals for the Moscow Victory Day Parade in Moscow, Russia. The T-14, industrial designation Object 148, is currently in production for the Russian military. The T-14 utilizes the Armata Universal Combat Platform; a cross AFV platform intended to promote a selection of powerful modular systems for AFVs including the chassis. There are roughly 2 dozen T-14s built to date and plans to acquire over 2300 through 2020.

As with any new weapon system, even upon introduction it is important to maintain secrecy regarding on board systems. In spite of this we do know some things and can infer other things about the T-14. As a member of the Armata Universal Combat Platform, the T-14 benefits from a modular design; this provides benefits including lower costs, ease with regards to production and maintenance. Existing information suggests the T-14 is light weight and fast compared to other modern MBTs. This provides benefits on and off the battlefield. A lighter vehicle means less stress on systems such as the hull, engine, road wheels, et al.. A lighter vehicle will be able to traverse bridges other comparable MBTs would not; and transporting such a vehicle by rail or road will be easier. It is believed that the T-14 marks a notable departure from pre-existing Russian/Soviet tank design. The final vehicle is comparable in size to the German Leopard 2. Given the size of the T-14, it is likely the vehicle weighs more than the weight reported in numerous articles of 45 tonnes; however this could be accounted for with a design focusing on a lower weight. A light armouring design could account for this; however modern tank armour is proprietary and generally is a closely guarded secret. Also, it is reported the vehicle has no gunner, and a fully automated loading system and as such would see less weight from these changes. The turret itself is unmanned, a first in an MBT, with the crew in an enclosed compartment.

A mock-up of what would be the T-14 was shown to military officials in 2013. Trials began on prototype(s) in 2014. The public reveal of the T-14 occurred in 2015. By March of 2016, the T-14 was in full production.

Comparing the T-14 to contemporary MBTs:

Tank: T-14
Main Armament: 125 mm smoothbore tank cannon
Secondary Armament: a 12.7 mm machine gun and a 7.62 mm machine gun
Weight: 45 tonnes (ostensibly)
Speed: 70 to 90 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 3
Tank: Leopard 2A6
Main Armament: 120 mm smoothbore tank cannon
Secondary Armament: two 7.62 mm machine guns
Weight: 62.3 tonnes
Speed: 72 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 4
Tank: M1A2 Abrams
Main Armament: 105 mm rifled tank cannon
Secondary Armament: 1 .50-caliber machine gun and two 7.62 mm machine guns
Weight: 65.3 tonnes
Speed: 67 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 4

Works Cited:

  • “T-14 Armata.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 9 July 2016. Web. 26 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-14_Armata>
  • “Russia’s Armata T-14 Main Battle Tank: A Preliminary Assessment.” Pakistan Defence. N.p., 3 June 2015. Web. 26 July 2016. <http://defence.pk/threads/russias-armata-t-14-main-battle-tank-a-preliminary-assessment.379058/>
  • “Leopard 2.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 July 2016. Web. 26 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopard_2>
  • “M1 Abrams.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 19 July 2016. Web. 26 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M1_Abrams>
  • “Armata Main Battle Tank.” Military Today: Everything About Modern Warfare. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016. <http://www.military-today.com/tanks/armata.htm>
  • Lockie, Alex. “Russia Claims Its Deadly T-14 Armata Tank Is in Full Production.”Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc, 17 Mar. 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <http://www.businessinsider.com/russia-claims-t14-armata-tank-is-in-production-2016-3?r=UK&IR=T>
Tiger code A22 of III Panzer Regiment Grossdeutschland

The German Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I Heavy Tank Sd.Kfz. 182

During the Second World War, Germany’s Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I Heavy Tank would prove a formidable foe and an iconic German tank. The Tiger tank was used by Germany, the Kingdom of Hungary, and the Japanese made efforts to procure the vehicle and it’s designs for their military.

The German Tiger tank would mark a significant improvement for German Heavy Armour over predecessors. Prior to the Tiger German Armour included vehicles such as the Panzer III and Panzer IV; which provided the backbone of Panzer Corp during the Invasion of Russia. The Panzer IV, a Medium tank originally was intended to act in a supporting role for the Panzer III, itself a Medium tank. The Panzer IV was not a true Heavy Tank and was in a poor position to handle superior Soviet examples such as the KV-1.

There were numerous projects in the area of Heavy tank design that preceded the Tiger I; this would include the following vehicle or vehicle projects:

  1. Neubaufahrzeug, 1933 – this included a small production run. This vehicle weighed 23.41 tonnes.
  2. Durchbuchswagen I, 1937 – intended to be between 30 and 33 tonnes
  3. VK 30.01 (H) – intended to be 33 tonne
  4. VK 36.01 (H) – intended to be 40 tonne

On 26 May 1941, the task of creating a 45 tonne heavy tank design was put to Henschel and Ferdinand Porsche; they were requested to have designs ready by June 1942. The Porsche project continued in an revised capacity, their work on the VK 30.01 (P) Leopard tank, becoming the VK 45.01 (P). The Henschel projects resulted in the VK 45.01 (H) H1 and the VK 45.01 (H) H2.

Porsche and Henschel both showed prototypes to Hitler, both equipped with a Krupp designed turret. Hitler accepted the Henschel design for production.

There were a number of components for the Porsche VK 45.01 (P) that had already been produced; these were put to good use as the chassis for the Ferdinand Tank Destroyer as well as Bergepanzer Tank Recovery units. Further a VK 45.01 (P) was utilized as a command vehicle. The VK 45.01 (P) tank was known as the Tiger P.

Production began in August of 1942 and ceased in August of 1944 with a total of 1355 vehicles produced.

Tank: Panzerkampfwagen Tiger
Main Armament: 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56
Secondary Armament: 2x 7.92 mm MG 34
Weight: 54 tonnes
Speed: 45.4 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 5

Works Cited

  1. “Tiger I.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., n.d. 27 July 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_I>
  2. “Tiger Vol3.” world war photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016.<http://www.worldwarphotos.info/gallery/germany/tanks-2-3/tiger-tank/>
  3. “Panzer IV.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 July 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_IV>
  4. “Neubaufahrzeug.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 10 May 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neubaufahrzeug>
  5. “VK 4501 (P).” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 11 June 2016. Web. 28 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VK_4501_(P)>
Brummbar number 222 1945

The German Sturmpanzer 43/IV Sd.Kfz. 166 Brummbar

Based on the chasis of the Panzer IV (hence the name Sturmpanzer IV), the “Brummbär” (as it was known by the Allies), meaning “Grouch” was developed in late 1942 by Alkett, and ordered by Hitler for production after review on October 20 of 1942.  In November of 1943 production began. The vehicle would see combat for the first time by July of 1943 in the Battle of Kursk. Over 300 vehicles would be produced by the end of the war; with the vehicle seeing four revisions including changes to improve the capacity of the vehicle to handle it’s weight.

Support Gun: Sturmpanzer 43/ Sturmpanzer IV “Brummbär”
Main Armament: 15 cm StuH 43 L/12
Secondary Armament: 7.92 mm MG 34
Weight: 28.2 tonnes
Speed: 40 km/h on-road
24 km/h off-road
Crew: 5

Works Cited

  1. “Brummbar.” world war photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016. <http://www.worldwarphotos.info/gallery/germany/tanks-2-3/brummbar/>
  2. “Brummbär.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 21 June 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brummbär>
  3. “Штурмовое орудие “Бруммбер”” Танки. Виртуальная Энциклопедия Бронетехники. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016. <http://pro-tank.ru/bronetehnika-germany/shturmovie-orudiya/150-orudie-brummber>
An AC I Sentinel Cruiser Tank on display

The Australian AC I Sentinel Cruiser Tank

AC I: The Australian AC I Sentinel Cruiser Tank

Australian AC 1 Sentinel Cruiser Tank

The AC I on trials.

 

During the Second World War, as conflict raged across Europe and the Asian Pacific theatre, local arms production became paramount for Australia. In 1940, design work begin on a native tank design. The result would be the AC I, known as the Sentinel; the only notable tank to be produced in Australia. The goal was to create a Cruiser tank with a 2 pounder gun weighing between 16 and 20 tonnes. A mission was dispatched the the United States to review the M3 “Lee” Medium tank. Colonel W. D. Watson MC, an artillery officer with tank design experience, was provided by the United Kingdom to shepherd the project; arriving in December of 1940. Borrowing from the Canadian Ram tank design, the AC I  was to use the engine, drive train, and lower hull of the M3; the upper hull and turret were to be based on the existing British Crusader tank design. By 1942, both the weight and the silhouette for the AC I design had increased in-line with that of U.S Medium tanks; in an effort to keep pace with German Medium tank designs.

The original design was intended to utilize a 2 pounder gun; a QF 2 pounder. As the design progressed a QF 6 pounder was chosen instead for the main armament over the QF 2 pounder. Additionally the design boasted two additional secondary armaments in the form of two Vickers machine guns; one placed in the hull and the other mounted coaxially with the main gun.

In February of 1942 the AC I received the moniker, “Sentinel”. Manufacturing began for the AC I in August of 1942. Manufacturing for the AC I took place in Sydney at the Chullora Tank Assembly Shops by New South Wales Railway Company; where trials for the vehicle also took place.

In the end, 65 vehicles were built by June of 1943. Due to shortages, these tanks used the QF 2 pounder as the QF 6 pounder was not available; further, as a desirable single engine was not available, these vehicles used not one, but three Cadillac 346 in³ (5.7 L) V8 petrol car engines installed in clover-leaf configuration and all three feeding the same gearbox. The AC I possessed a fully cast hull and a fully cast Turret; no other vehicles from this period have a fully cast hull.

While the armaments of the AC I where comparable to a British Cruiser design, the final weight of approximately 28.4 tonnes (comparable to the US M3 at 27.2 tonnes, and the US M4 at 30.3 tonnes), put this vehicle out of this classification. Cruiser tanks are by definition fast tanks; which implies, lightly armed and armoured to encourage speed. Comparing the AC I to two British examples of a Cruiser, the Cruiser Mark 1, and the Cruiser Mark IV tanks:

Tank: AC I Sentinel
Main Armament: QF 2 pounder
Weight: 28.4 tonnes
Speed: 48 km/h on-road (ostensibly)

 

Tank: Cruiser, Mk I
Main Armament: QF 2 pounder
Weight: 10.9 tonnes
Speed: 40 km/h on-road (ostensibly)

 

Tank: Cruiser, Mk VI, “Crusader”
Main Armament: QF 2 pounder
Weight: 20 tonnes
Speed: 42 km/h on-road, and 24 km/h off-road

In spite of the Medium tank qualities the AC I possessed (weight and overall silhouette), we can see the final design was a healthy example of a Cruiser. The design reflected Cruiser and Medium tank inspirations, and the ingenuity of the peoples of Australia, to defend their homeland.

Gallery

 

Works Cited

  1. “Sentinel Tank.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 27 June 2016. Web. 20 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentinel_tank>
  2. “Cruiser Tank.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 June 2016. Web. 20 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruiser_tank>
  3. Bocquele, David. “Australian Sentinel Cruiser Tank.” Tanks Encyclopedia. N.p., 14 May 2014. Web. 25 July 2016. <http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/Australia/AC1_Sentinel.php>
  4. “M3 Lee.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 June 2016. Web. 25 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M3_Lee>
  5. “M4 Sherman.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 14 July 2016. Web. 25 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M4_Sherman>
  6. “Crusader Tank.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 6 May 2016. Web. 25 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusader_tank>
  7. “Cruiser Mk I.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 27 June 2016. Web. 25 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruiser_Mk_I>
  8. “Australian Sentinel Tank.” Australian Military Vehicles Index. Sentinel: A Site Dedicated to the Research and Modeling of Australian Military Vehicles, n.d. Web. 25 July 2016. <http://www.mheaust.com.au/Aust/Research/Sentinel/sentinel13.htm>

Bikini Monday, Kim Kardashian Edition

Welcome to Bikini Monday, 07/20/2015, Kim Kardashian edition:

Page 1 of 10

Copyright © 2016 and beyond by David Cummings, Tankpedia. Powered by WordPress & Theme by Anders Norén