Tankpedia

Tankpedia is a website about Armoured Fighting Vehicles especially tanks.

A Panzer I Ausf. A on display at the Deutsches Panzermuseum in Munster, Germany

The German Panzerkampfwagen I Light Tank Sd.Kfz. 101

The Panzer I was a German light tank used prior to the Second World War, and in the initial campaigns of the latter. Design work begain for what would become the Panzer I in 1932 with production begining in 1934 and running through 1937. Germany used Panzer I’s during the Spanish Civil War in support of General Francisco Franco’s Nationalists; further, Germany would provide a number of Panzer I tanks to the Nationalists. Germany supplied a number of Panzer I tanks to the Chinese Nationalists; which were used during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Germany additionally supplied a selection Panzer I and Panzer I based command tanks to Hungary during the Second World War. The Panzer I was used by Germany during the Second World War during the campaigns in Poland, France, the Soviet Union and in North Africa.

The Panzer I had a number of deficiencies compared to comparable vehicles of it’s day; and was found to be lacking even during the Spanish Civil War. Throughout it’s life attempts were made to up-gun the vehicle; and further, a selection of variants were made using the Panzer I chasis.

Panzer I versions:

  • Panzer I Ausf. A
  • Panzer I Ausf. B

Panzer I variants included:

  • The Panzerbefehlswagen (Befehlswagen I), Sd.Kfz 265 – a command vehicle based on the Panzer I chassis.
  • Panzer I Ausf. C, VK601 – boasting superior armour  and a more powerful engine.
  • Panzer I Ausf. F, VK1801- boasting superior armour, improved further over the Ausf. C variant and the same more powerful engine as the latter.
  • Flakpanzer I – an anti-aircraft variant based on the Panzer I chassis.
  • Panzerjäger I – a tank destroyer (Jagdpanzer) based on the Panzer I chassis.
  • Ladungsleger I  – an explosive laying vehicle based on the Panzer I chassis.
  • 15 cm sIG 33 (Sf) auf Panzerkampfwagen I Ausf B – a self-propelled artillery piece based on the Panzer I chassis.
Tank: Panzerkampfwagen I
Main Armament: 2× 7.92 mm MG13 machine guns
Secondary Armament: N/A
Weight: 5.4 tonnes
Speed: 50 km/h on-road, 37 km/h off-road
Crew: 2

The Panzer I Ausf. A & B:

 

PzKpfw I Ausf. F on display at the Belgrade Military Museum

PzKpfw I Ausf. F on display at the Belgrade Military Museum

 

Two Flakpanzer Is in Russia during the winter

Two Flakpanzer Is in Russia during the winter

 

A Panzerjäger I in North Africa

A Panzerjäger I in North Africa

 

A sIG 33 (Sf) on a Pz.Kpfw. I chassis in Russia, 1942

A sIG 33 (Sf) on a Pz.Kpfw. I chassis in Russia, 1942

The Panzerbefehlswagen:

The Ladungsleger I:

Works Cited:

  1. Panzer I. (2016, August 11). Retrieved August 16, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_I <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_I>
  2. “Panzer I.” World War Photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Aug. 2016. <http://www.worldwarphotos.info/gallery/germany/tanks-2-3/panzer-i/>
  3. “SdKfz 265 Panzerbefehlswagen.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 3 Aug. 2016. Web. 19 Aug. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SdKfz_265_Panzerbefehlswagen>
  4. “Flakpanzer I.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 July 2016. Web. 24 Aug. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flakpanzer_I>
  5. “Ladungsleger I.” Wikipedia: De Vrije Encyclopedie. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 Sept. 2014. Web. 24 Aug. 2016. <https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ladungsleger_I>
  6. “Panzer I Variants.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2 July 2016. Web. 24 Aug. 2016.<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_I_variants>
  7. “15 Cm SIG 33 (Sf) Auf Panzerkampfwagen I Ausf B.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 Apr. 2016. Web. 24 Aug. 2016.<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/15_cm_sIG_33_(Sf)_auf_Panzerkampfwagen_I_Ausf_B>
The NMUSAFs preserved C.200 in the markings of 372 Sq., Regia Aeronautica

Italy’s Macchi C.200 Saetta Fighter Plane

The Macchi C.200 (MC.200) “Saetta” (Arrow in English), was an Italian fighter plane used during the Second World War. Developed and produced by Aeronautica Macchi, the plane first flew on December 24 of 1937. This plane would see action over Greece, North Africa, Yugoslavia, France, and the Soviet Union; the MC.200 flew more sorties than any other Italian aircraft.

Fighter plane: Macchi C.200 (MC.200) “Saetta”
Main Armament: 2× 12.7 mm (.5 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns,
some planes modified for
8× 15 kg (33 lb) or 2× 50, 100, or 150 kg bombs under the wings
Weight: 1,964 kg
Speed:  504 km/h (313 mph) at 4,500 m (14,765 ft)
Crew:  1
First Flight: 1937

Works Cited

  1. “Macchi C.200.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 21 July 2016. Web. 05 Aug. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macchi_C.200>
  2. “Macchi C.200 Saetta – Arrow.” Asisbiz. N.p., 29 Sept. 2012. Web. 05 Aug. 2016. <http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/MC-200/Macchi-MC200-Saetta.html>
T 14 Tank, Object 148

The Russian T-14 Armata Main Battle Tank (Object 148)

The T-14 is a Russian 5th generation main battle tank (MBT), first seen in 2015 during rehearsals for the Moscow Victory Day Parade in Moscow, Russia. The T-14, industrial designation Object 148, is currently in production for the Russian military. The T-14 utilizes the Armata Universal Combat Platform; a cross AFV platform intended to promote a selection of powerful modular systems for AFVs including the chassis. There are roughly 2 dozen T-14s built to date and plans to acquire over 2300 through 2020.

As with any new weapon system, even upon introduction it is important to maintain secrecy regarding on board systems. In spite of this we do know some things and can infer other things about the T-14. As a member of the Armata Universal Combat Platform, the T-14 benefits from a modular design; this provides benefits including lower costs, ease with regards to production and maintenance. Existing information suggests the T-14 is light weight and fast compared to other modern MBTs. This provides benefits on and off the battlefield. A lighter vehicle means less stress on systems such as the hull, engine, road wheels, et al.. A lighter vehicle will be able to traverse bridges other comparable MBTs would not; and transporting such a vehicle by rail or road will be easier. It is believed that the T-14 marks a notable departure from pre-existing Russian/Soviet tank design. The final vehicle is comparable in size to the German Leopard 2. Given the size of the T-14, it is likely the vehicle weighs more than the weight reported in numerous articles of 45 tonnes; however this could be accounted for with a design focusing on a lower weight. A light armouring design could account for this; however modern tank armour is proprietary and generally is a closely guarded secret. Also, it is reported the vehicle has no gunner, and a fully automated loading system and as such would see less weight from these changes. The turret itself is unmanned, a first in an MBT, with the crew in an enclosed compartment.

A mock-up of what would be the T-14 was shown to military officials in 2013. Trials began on prototype(s) in 2014. The public reveal of the T-14 occurred in 2015. By March of 2016, the T-14 was in full production.

Comparing the T-14 to contemporary MBTs:

Tank: T-14
Main Armament: 125 mm smoothbore tank cannon
Secondary Armament: a 12.7 mm machine gun and a 7.62 mm machine gun
Weight: 45 tonnes (ostensibly)
Speed: 70 to 90 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 3
Tank: Leopard 2A6
Main Armament: 120 mm smoothbore tank cannon
Secondary Armament: two 7.62 mm machine guns
Weight: 62.3 tonnes
Speed: 72 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 4
Tank: M1A2 Abrams
Main Armament: 105 mm rifled tank cannon
Secondary Armament: 1 .50-caliber machine gun and two 7.62 mm machine guns
Weight: 65.3 tonnes
Speed: 67 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 4

Works Cited:

  • “T-14 Armata.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 9 July 2016. Web. 26 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-14_Armata>
  • “Russia’s Armata T-14 Main Battle Tank: A Preliminary Assessment.” Pakistan Defence. N.p., 3 June 2015. Web. 26 July 2016. <http://defence.pk/threads/russias-armata-t-14-main-battle-tank-a-preliminary-assessment.379058/>
  • “Leopard 2.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 July 2016. Web. 26 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopard_2>
  • “M1 Abrams.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 19 July 2016. Web. 26 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M1_Abrams>
  • “Armata Main Battle Tank.” Military Today: Everything About Modern Warfare. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016. <http://www.military-today.com/tanks/armata.htm>
  • Lockie, Alex. “Russia Claims Its Deadly T-14 Armata Tank Is in Full Production.”Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc, 17 Mar. 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <http://www.businessinsider.com/russia-claims-t14-armata-tank-is-in-production-2016-3?r=UK&IR=T>
Tiger code A22 of III Panzer Regiment Grossdeutschland

The German Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I Heavy Tank Sd.Kfz. 182

During the Second World War, Germany’s Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I Heavy Tank would prove a formidable foe and an iconic German tank. The Tiger tank was used by Germany, the Kingdom of Hungary, and the Japanese made efforts to procure the vehicle and it’s designs for their military.

The German Tiger tank would mark a significant improvement for German Heavy Armour over predecessors. Prior to the Tiger German Armour included vehicles such as the Panzer III and Panzer IV; which provided the backbone of Panzer Corp during the Invasion of Russia. The Panzer IV, a Medium tank originally was intended to act in a supporting role for the Panzer III, itself a Medium tank. The Panzer IV was not a true Heavy Tank and was in a poor position to handle superior Soviet examples such as the KV-1.

There were numerous projects in the area of Heavy tank design that preceded the Tiger I; this would include the following vehicle or vehicle projects:

  1. Neubaufahrzeug, 1933 – this included a small production run. This vehicle weighed 23.41 tonnes.
  2. Durchbuchswagen I, 1937 – intended to be between 30 and 33 tonnes
  3. VK 30.01 (H) – intended to be 33 tonne
  4. VK 36.01 (H) – intended to be 40 tonne

On 26 May 1941, the task of creating a 45 tonne heavy tank design was put to Henschel and Ferdinand Porsche; they were requested to have designs ready by June 1942. The Porsche project continued in an revised capacity, their work on the VK 30.01 (P) Leopard tank, becoming the VK 45.01 (P). The Henschel projects resulted in the VK 45.01 (H) H1 and the VK 45.01 (H) H2.

Porsche and Henschel both showed prototypes to Hitler, both equipped with a Krupp designed turret. Hitler accepted the Henschel design for production.

There were a number of components for the Porsche VK 45.01 (P) that had already been produced; these were put to good use as the chassis for the Ferdinand Tank Destroyer as well as Bergepanzer Tank Recovery units. Further a VK 45.01 (P) was utilized as a command vehicle. The VK 45.01 (P) tank was known as the Tiger P.

Production began in August of 1942 and ceased in August of 1944 with a total of 1355 vehicles produced.

Tank: Panzerkampfwagen Tiger
Main Armament: 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56
Secondary Armament: 2x 7.92 mm MG 34
Weight: 54 tonnes
Speed: 45.4 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 5

Works Cited

  1. “Tiger I.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., n.d. 27 July 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_I>
  2. “Tiger Vol3.” world war photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016.<http://www.worldwarphotos.info/gallery/germany/tanks-2-3/tiger-tank/>
  3. “Panzer IV.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 July 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_IV>
  4. “Neubaufahrzeug.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 10 May 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neubaufahrzeug>
  5. “VK 4501 (P).” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 11 June 2016. Web. 28 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VK_4501_(P)>
Brummbar number 222 1945

The German Sturmpanzer 43/IV Sd.Kfz. 166 Brummbar

Based on the chasis of the Panzer IV (hence the name Sturmpanzer IV), the “Brummbär” (as it was known by the Allies), meaning “Grouch” was developed in late 1942 by Alkett, and ordered by Hitler for production after review on October 20 of 1942.  In November of 1943 production began. The vehicle would see combat for the first time by July of 1943 in the Battle of Kursk. Over 300 vehicles would be produced by the end of the war; with the vehicle seeing four revisions including changes to improve the capacity of the vehicle to handle it’s weight.

Support Gun: Sturmpanzer 43/ Sturmpanzer IV “Brummbär”
Main Armament: 15 cm StuH 43 L/12
Secondary Armament: 7.92 mm MG 34
Weight: 28.2 tonnes
Speed: 40 km/h on-road
24 km/h off-road
Crew: 5

Works Cited

  1. “Brummbar.” world war photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016. <http://www.worldwarphotos.info/gallery/germany/tanks-2-3/brummbar/>
  2. “Brummbär.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 21 June 2016. Web. 27 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brummbär>
  3. “Штурмовое орудие “Бруммбер”” Танки. Виртуальная Энциклопедия Бронетехники. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2016. <http://pro-tank.ru/bronetehnika-germany/shturmovie-orudiya/150-orudie-brummber>
An AC I Sentinel Cruiser Tank on display

The Australian AC I Sentinel Cruiser Tank

AC I: The Australian AC I Sentinel Cruiser Tank

Australian AC 1 Sentinel Cruiser Tank

The AC I on trials.

 

During the Second World War, as conflict raged across Europe and the Asian Pacific theatre, local arms production became paramount for Australia. In 1940, design work begin on a native tank design. The result would be the AC I, known as the Sentinel; the only notable tank to be produced in Australia. The goal was to create a Cruiser tank with a 2 pounder gun weighing between 16 and 20 tonnes. A mission was dispatched the the United States to review the M3 “Lee” Medium tank. Colonel W. D. Watson MC, an artillery officer with tank design experience, was provided by the United Kingdom to shepherd the project; arriving in December of 1940. Borrowing from the Canadian Ram tank design, the AC I  was to use the engine, drive train, and lower hull of the M3; the upper hull and turret were to be based on the existing British Crusader tank design. By 1942, both the weight and the silhouette for the AC I design had increased in-line with that of U.S Medium tanks; in an effort to keep pace with German Medium tank designs.

The original design was intended to utilize a 2 pounder gun; a QF 2 pounder. As the design progressed a QF 6 pounder was chosen instead for the main armament over the QF 2 pounder. Additionally the design boasted two additional secondary armaments in the form of two Vickers machine guns; one placed in the hull and the other mounted coaxially with the main gun.

In February of 1942 the AC I received the moniker, “Sentinel”. Manufacturing began for the AC I in August of 1942. Manufacturing for the AC I took place in Sydney at the Chullora Tank Assembly Shops by New South Wales Railway Company; where trials for the vehicle also took place.

In the end, 65 vehicles were built by June of 1943. Due to shortages, these tanks used the QF 2 pounder as the QF 6 pounder was not available; further, as a desirable single engine was not available, these vehicles used not one, but three Cadillac 346 in³ (5.7 L) V8 petrol car engines installed in clover-leaf configuration and all three feeding the same gearbox. The AC I possessed a fully cast hull and a fully cast Turret; no other vehicles from this period have a fully cast hull.

While the armaments of the AC I where comparable to a British Cruiser design, the final weight of approximately 28.4 tonnes (comparable to the US M3 at 27.2 tonnes, and the US M4 at 30.3 tonnes), put this vehicle out of this classification. Cruiser tanks are by definition fast tanks; which implies, lightly armed and armoured to encourage speed. Comparing the AC I to two British examples of a Cruiser, the Cruiser Mark 1, and the Cruiser Mark IV tanks:

Tank: AC I Sentinel
Main Armament: QF 2 pounder
Weight: 28.4 tonnes
Speed: 48 km/h on-road (ostensibly)

 

Tank: Cruiser, Mk I
Main Armament: QF 2 pounder
Weight: 10.9 tonnes
Speed: 40 km/h on-road (ostensibly)

 

Tank: Cruiser, Mk VI, “Crusader”
Main Armament: QF 2 pounder
Weight: 20 tonnes
Speed: 42 km/h on-road, and 24 km/h off-road

In spite of the Medium tank qualities the AC I possessed (weight and overall silhouette), we can see the final design was a healthy example of a Cruiser. The design reflected Cruiser and Medium tank inspirations, and the ingenuity of the peoples of Australia, to defend their homeland.

Gallery

 

Works Cited

  1. “Sentinel Tank.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 27 June 2016. Web. 20 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sentinel_tank>
  2. “Cruiser Tank.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 June 2016. Web. 20 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruiser_tank>
  3. Bocquele, David. “Australian Sentinel Cruiser Tank.” Tanks Encyclopedia. N.p., 14 May 2014. Web. 25 July 2016. <http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/Australia/AC1_Sentinel.php>
  4. “M3 Lee.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 June 2016. Web. 25 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M3_Lee>
  5. “M4 Sherman.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 14 July 2016. Web. 25 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M4_Sherman>
  6. “Crusader Tank.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 6 May 2016. Web. 25 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crusader_tank>
  7. “Cruiser Mk I.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 27 June 2016. Web. 25 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cruiser_Mk_I>
  8. “Australian Sentinel Tank.” Australian Military Vehicles Index. Sentinel: A Site Dedicated to the Research and Modeling of Australian Military Vehicles, n.d. Web. 25 July 2016. <http://www.mheaust.com.au/Aust/Research/Sentinel/sentinel13.htm>

Bikini Monday, Kim Kardashian Edition

Welcome to Bikini Monday, 07/20/2015, Kim Kardashian edition:

A Japanese Type 94 Tankette on the engine deck of a USMC M4 Sherman tank, having been captured on Kwajalein

Mid-War Japanese Tank Development Including Interest In German Vehicles Such As The Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger I Heavy Tank

Japanese Tanks During World War II

Japanese tanks during the Second World War did not measure up to their European, Soviet, or U.S. counterparts. Japanese tanks reflected the pre-war/inter-war, and early war designs seen in Europe, the Soviet Union, and the U.S. This includes vehicles such as the British Vickers 6-Ton. tank Medium Mark I & II tanks, the Soviet BT-2, BT-7, and T-26, the French AMR 33 and AMR35, and the U.S. M2 and M3 series. As the war progressed, U.S. armour, and later Soviet armour would prove exceptionally problematic for Japanese forces; in particularly when facing Japanese tanks.

The heaviest U.S. tank used in the Pacific theatre was the M4 Sherman. The heaviest Japanese tank used in the Pacific/Asian theatres was the Type 97 Chi-Ha; although superior vehicles existed in the Japanese inventory by wars end, none, such as the Type 3 Chi-Nu, would see combat as they were reserved for the defense of the home islands.

M4 Sherman Type 97 Chi-Ha
Weight 30.3 tonnes 15 tonnes
Main Armament 75 mm M3 L/40 gun Type 97 57 mm Tank Gun
Armour 93 – 118 mm 8 – 28 mm
Crew 5 4
In Pictures M4 Sherman Japanese Type 97 Chi-Ha Tank

Missing from the above comparison is a Soviet vehicle; however it is notable that tanks used by the Soviets were comparable or better to their U.S. counterparts in arms and armour. A good example would be the T-34-85; sporting an 85 mm ZiS-S-53 main gun, 72 – 93 mm of armour, and weighing 26.5 tonnes.

Soviet troops entering Dalian, China on T-34-85 medium tanks, Aug 1945

Soviet troops entering Dalian, China on a T-34-85 tank, in August of 1945.

Japanese armour being what it was, compared to the United States, the Soviet Union, and Germany, it is no surprise that measures were sought to field superior vehicles. By wars end the Japanese were developing, and even producing in one case, more modern vehicles. The Type 3 Chi-Nu, a vehicle comparable to the M4 Sherman, was being produced, although it was reserved for the Home Island defense initiative. The vehicle sported a Type 3 75 mm main cannon, 12 – 50 mm of armour, and weighed approximately 19 tonnes; while it’s armour was significantly weaker than the Sherman, it was a notable step forward from the Type 97 Chi-Ha.

While other vehicles were in various stages of development, only the Type 5 Chi-Ri was at the prototype stage. The vehicle Type 5 75 mm main cannon, with 25 – 75 mm of armour and weighing 33.6 tonnes; the vehicle would have been a further improvement over the Type 3 Chi-Nu and a more formidable opponent for the M4 Sherman.

Limited Information

Japanese soldiers posing with a Tiger tank

Japanese soldiers posing with a Tiger tank.

During the Second World War Japan showed interest in German arms including tanks. Information is limited in this area; however we know a Japanese delegation toured points of interest reviewing German tanks including the Panther and the Tiger. This is reinforced through photographs of the occasion(s). Beyond this, there are some popular explanations that exist; such that the Japanese purchased working vehicles, and even technical data. The veracity of these claims however is poor at best as little historical data appears to confirm them.  What follows is one such explanation of Japanese interest.

Japanese Interest in German Tanks

During the Second World War Japan showed interest in German tanks including the Panzerkampfwagen VI, Tiger Tank. The Japanese ambassador General Hiroshi Ōshima toured the Kummersdorf proving grounds to see the Tiger in person. Impressed with the vehicle, ambassador Ōshima began negations with the Minister of Armaments to procure the vehicle. Japan paid 650,000 Reichsmark for a fully loaded Tiger tank, along with technical documentation on the vehicle. The finished vehicle was to be disassembled and shipped to Japan. The vehicle was sent to Bordeaux in France, although ostensibly it was in the possession of the Japanese, however there was no way to ship the vehicle to Japan. After the Normandy invasion in 1944 the vehicle was procured by German forces, on loan, and used by the 101st SS Heavy Panzer Battalion after it’s arrival in the area; it was lost in action.

General Hiroshi Ōshima, Ambassador to Germany during the Second World War

General Hiroshi Ōshima, Ambassador to Germany during the Second World War.

All in all, the Japanese would purchase four German tanks; one Tiger, one Panther, and two Panzer IIIs. The fate of these vehicles is curious; as noted it is related that the Tiger was procured on a loan and used; one would presume a similar fate for the Panther. It is written that the two Panzer III s would make it to Japan; however we can assume they were either destroyed from Allied bombing, or taken back to the U.S. after the Japanese surrender however no evidence suggests a fate for these two vehicles.

The photos below show at least two Japanese soldiers; possibly General Ōshima, and a Colonel Ishide as they review German tanks.

Works Cited

  1. “The Japanese Tiger: Victim of Circumstance.” The Japanese Tiger: Victim of Circumstance. Wargaming.net, 10 July 2015. Web. 18 July 2015. <http://worldoftanks.com/en/news/pc-browser/17/the-japanese-tiger/>.
  2. “Hiroshi Ōshima.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 14 July 2015. Web. 18 July 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hiroshi_Ōshima>.
  3. “Tiger I.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 July 2015. Web. 18 July 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiger_I>.
  4. Ae, Sun. “German Tanks in Japanese Service – Armor and Armored Fighting Vehicles.” WWIIF. OttoBomb LLC, 7 Feb. 2015. Web. 18 July 2015. <http://www.ww2f.com/topic/54984-german-tanks-in-japanese-service/>.
  5. “日本の「ティーガーⅠ」輸入計画.” Osabetty’s, 21 July 2010. Web. 18 July 2015. <http://osabetty.com/hpgen/HPB/entries/12.html>.
  6. “Japanese Tiger Importation Plans.” Status Report. Blogspot, 21 Mar. 2015. Sat. 18 Jul. 2015. <http://ritastatusreport.blogspot.com/2015/03/japanese-tiger-importation-plans.html>
  7. “101st SS Heavy Panzer Battalion.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 14 Apr. 2015. Sat. 18 Jul. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/101st_SS_Heavy_Panzer_Battalion>
  8. “M4 Sherman.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 16 Jul. 2015. Sat. 18 Jul. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M4_Sherman>
  9. “Type 97 Chi-Ha.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 01 Jul. 2015. Sat. 18 Jul. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_97_Chi-Ha>
  10. “T-34.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 17 Jul. 2015. Sun. 19 Jul. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-34>
  11. “Type 5 Chi-Ri.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 Jun. 2015. Sun. 19 Jul. 2015. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_5_Chi-Ri>

Blowing Things Up in World of Warplanes (WoWP)

Some random screenshots from playing World of Warplanes; enjoy!

The German Heavy Anti-Tank 12.8 cm Pak 44 L/55 (PaK, (Ger.) Panzerabwehrkanone)

As the Second World War progressed, the need for ever increasingly more powerful anti-tank guns would evolve; to counter ever more powerful and better armed Tanks and AFVs among other things. With the Russians fielding increasingly more powerful guns such as the 122 mm, and tanks such as the IS-2, the need for what would become the PaK 44 became apparent. The guns initial requirements were made in 1943. The  PaK 44 would have the capacity to act as a field gun, firing HE rounds and also act as an anti-tank gun.

It was from the Pak 44 that the main armaments for the Jagdtiger tank-destroyer, and the Maus super heavy tank would be developed.

12.8 cm Pak 44 Anti-Tank gun, Krupp version.

12.8 cm Pak 44 Anti-Tank gun, Krupp version.

Designer Krupp
Designed 1943
Manufacturer Krupp
Produced 1944
Number built 51

The production model was a Krupp design; see blow:

A version was under development by Rheinmetall Borsig but ultimately it was dropped; see below:

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