The Wirbelwind (Whirlwind in English) was one of several mobile anti-aircraft platforms built on the Panzer IV chassis; including the Möbelwagen and the Ostwind. The Wirbelwind was developed from a design concept created during the summer of 1944 by SS-Hauptsturmführer Karl Wilhelm Krause. The vehicle featured a turret with a 2 cm Flakvierling 38 (which has four barrels); the turret could traverse as expected and was enclosed on the sides but not the top. The vehicle ended up with the nickname Keksdose (Biscuit Tin in English). In combat the 2 cm gun was deemed ineffective against aircraft.

Anti-Aircraft Gun, Self-Propelled: Flakpanzer IV “Wirbelwind”
Main Armament: 1 x 2 cm Flakvierling 38
Secondary Armament: 1 × 7.92 mm MG 34
Weight: 22 tonnes
Speed: 40 km/h on-road (ostensibly)
Crew: 5

Works Cited

  1. “Panzer IV.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 July 2016. Web. 29 July 2016.<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panzer_IV
  2. “Wirbelwind.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 July 2016. Web. 29 July 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wirbelwind>
  3. “Möbelwagen.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 July 2016. Web. 01 Aug. 2016. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Möbelwagen>
  4. “Ostwind.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 July 2016. Web. 01 Aug. 2016.<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostwind>