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Category: Anti-Tank Gun

The German Heavy Anti-Tank 12.8 cm Pak 44 L/55 (PaK, (Ger.) Panzerabwehrkanone)

As the Second World War progressed, the need for ever increasingly more powerful anti-tank guns would evolve; to counter ever more powerful and better armed Tanks and AFVs among other things. With the Russians fielding increasingly more powerful guns such as the 122 mm, and tanks such as the IS-2, the need for what would become the PaK 44 became apparent. The guns initial requirements were made in 1943. The  PaK 44 would have the capacity to act as a field gun, firing HE rounds and also act as an anti-tank gun.

It was from the Pak 44 that the main armaments for the Jagdtiger tank-destroyer, and the Maus super heavy tank would be developed.

12.8 cm Pak 44 Anti-Tank gun, Krupp version.

12.8 cm Pak 44 Anti-Tank gun, Krupp version.

Designer Krupp
Designed 1943
Manufacturer Krupp
Produced 1944
Number built 51

The production model was a Krupp design; see blow:

A version was under development by Rheinmetall Borsig but ultimately it was dropped; see below:

The JgdPz38(t) Part II on Inside the Chieftain’s Hatch

The Object 268 (Obiekt 268) Soviet Assault Gun

Object 268, A Soviet Assault Gun.

The Object 268 prototype at the Kubinka tank museum.

In the summer of 1952 development began on Object 268 (Obiekt 268) at the Kirov Plan in Leningrad. The project was overseen by Joseph Kotin. The basis for the project was the T-10 (IS-10) heavy tank. A prototype was produced in 1956 and successfully underwent trials but the vehicle never saw mass production (“Object 268.”). The vehicle featured a 152 mm M-64 main armament; which fired a shell weighing 43.5 kg.  The vehicle possessed a stereoscopic rangefinder on the roof and an experimental V-12-5 engine producing 750 hp (“Obiekt 268 Tank .”).

Works Cited:

1. “Object 268.” World of Tanks. Wargaming.net, 19 Aug 2013. Web. 11 Oct 2013. <http://wiki.worldoftanks.com/Object_268>.

2. “Obiekt 268 Tank .” Preserved Tanks .com. N.p.. Web. 11 Oct 2013. <http://preservedtanks.com/Types.aspx?TypeCategoryId=2895>.

In Pictures: The Soviet SU-85 as the German Jagdpanzer SU-85(r) (JagdPz-85(r))

In 1943 the Soviets began developing the SU-85 in response to German armour seen in 1942 such as the Tiger tank as well as armour understood to be in development at the time. Although several options were explored, the SU-85 was one of the results. The SU-85 was a typical Self-propelled Anti-Tank Gun; with a D-5T 85 mm antitank gun mounted in the superstructure with limited traverse. During the Second World War the Germans would capture weapons from numerous nations including the Russians; the SU-85 was no exception and like other captured stock the Germans pressed it into service with the designation Jagdpanzer SU-85(r) (JagdPz-85(r)). The below pictures reflect captured SU-85s in German service.

Works Cited:

1. “SU-85.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2 Aug 2013. Web. 29 Oct 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SU-85>.

44M Zrínyi I & 40/43M Zrínyi II Assualt Guns

The 44M Zrínyi I (foreground) & 40/43M Zrínyi II.

The 44M Zrínyi I (foreground) & 40/43M Zrínyi II.

 

The 44M Zrínyi I & 40/43M Zrínyi II were Hungarian assault guns based on the Turán tank. Although only the prototype of the 44M Zrínyi I was made, between 40 and 66 of the 40/43M Zrínyi II units would be produced between August 1943 and July 1944 (“43M Zrínyi”). The 44M Zrínyi I, was intended for an Anti-Tank role and incorporated a long 43M 75mm gun (“43M Zrínyi”). The 40/43M Zrínyi II was a traditional Infantry Support vehicle and was armed with a 40M 105mm L/20 howitzer (“43M Zrínyi”). Of the two, only a single remains 40/43M Zrínyi II and is at the Kubinka tank museum in Russia; this vehicle was captured by Romanian troops in Transylvania during September–October 1944 and pressed into service briefly before being seized by the Red Army (“43M Zrínyi”). These vehicle designs were born of the effectiveness of similar vehicles fighting on the Eastern Front; coupled with the inherent cost saving in building assault guns which are less expensive to build than a traditional tank (“A Zrínyi I rohamlöveg és a Zrínyi II rohamtarack.”).

The 44M Zrínyi I can be easily distinguished from the 40/43M Zrínyi II because of it’s longer barrel.

The shorter barreled 40/43M Zrínyi II.

More of the 40/43M Zrínyi II.


Works Cited:
1. “43M Zrínyi.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 10 Jun 2013. Web. 14 Jun 2013. <en.wikipedia.org/wiki/43M_Zrínyi‎>.

2.”A magyar harckocsizó fegyvernem a háborúban.” ZMNE HADTÖRTÉNELEM TSZ. N.p.. Web. 6 Jul 2013. <http://www.zmne.hu/tanszekek/Hadtortenelem/tematika/hk/m9.htm>.

3. “A Zrínyi I rohamlöveg és a Zrínyi II rohamtarack.” Art of War. N.p., 11 Sep 2006. Web. 6 Jul 2013. <http://www.haborumuveszete.hu/rovatok/fegyverek/pancelosok/zrinyik/>.

4. “Zrínyi.” SZTE Egyetemi Könyvtár Hadtörténeti Gyűjtemény Military History Collection. N.p.. Web. 6 Jul 2013. <http://www.bibl.u-szeged.hu/bibl/mil/ww2/kepek/tanks/rlg/zrinyi.html>.

Off Topic: Artillery Photos And More

This is off topic but I thought I’d share a selection of photos of Artillery pieces I took while visiting the Texas Military Forces Museum not that long ago. There were several field pieces and at least one anti-aircraft, and one anti-tank piece; from several countries and time periods including examples from France, Russia, and the USA.

 

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